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小阅君科普 | How To Stop Germs?

2020-02 17

  作为祖国花朵的每一位青少年,在抗疫期间,为祖国做出最大的贡献就是,安心在家,做好防护,远离病毒。

  防护工作要做好:不仅要把自己保护好,更重要的是要当一名阻止病毒传播的卫士。

  如何高效地阻止病菌的传播?并且又该怎样用英语去表达呢?

  How to be a Germ Stopper?

  要知道如何去阻止病菌的传播?首先我们要弄清楚它们到底是如何传播的?

  How germs spread?病菌是如何传播的?

  People who have the flu usually cough, sneeze, and have a runny nose. This makes droplets with virus in them. Other people can get the flu by breathing in these droplets or getting them in their nose or mouth.

  患流感的人通常咳嗽、打喷嚏、流鼻涕。这就产生了含有病毒的飞沫。其他人通过鼻子或嘴巴吸入这些飞沫而感染流感。

小阅君科普 | How To Stop Germs?(图1)

  You can also get the flu by touching a hard surface such as a desk, doorknob, phone, or toy that has germs on it from a cough or sneeze and then touching your eyes, mouth, or nose before you wash your hands. We know that some viruses and bacteria (germs) can live 2 or more hours on these hard surfaces.

  或者是通过触摸坚硬的表面(如桌子、门把手、电话或玩具),你接触到了上面来自咳嗽或打喷嚏的细菌,然后在洗手之前你触摸了眼睛、嘴或鼻子,从而感染流感。而一些病毒和细菌是可以在这些坚硬的表面存活2个小时以上的。

  How to stop it? 如何高效阻止它们传播?

  What can you do to stop the spread of germs? Take these 2 simple steps today!

  你能做什么来阻止病菌的传播呢? 一起来采取以下这两个简单的步骤吧!

  Step 1: Cover your mouth and nose when you cough or sneeze.

  How? Cough or sneeze into a tissue and then throw it away.

  第一步:当你咳嗽或打喷嚏时,捂住你的嘴和鼻子。

  如何操作? 对着纸巾咳嗽或打喷嚏,然后把它扔掉。

  No tissue?

  Cough or sneeze into: Your sleeve (elbow) or shirt (shoulder)

  没有纸巾?

  那就脸朝向:你的袖子(手肘)或衬衫(肩膀),防止飞沫四溅。

小阅君科普 | How To Stop Germs?(图2)

  Step 2: Clean your hands often.

  Wash your hands with soap and warm water. Do it for 20 seconds.

  第二步:经常洗手。

  用肥皂和温水洗手。坚持20秒。

  How long is 20 seconds?

  Count slowly to 20. Or wash long enough to sing the “Happy Hand Washing” song twice or the version of “If You’re Happy and You Know It”.

  20秒是多久?

  从1慢慢数到20。或者唱两遍“快乐洗手歌”,或者“如果感到幸福你就拍拍手”这首歌。

  如何用英语去表达正确的洗手步骤呢?

  5 Steps to Good Hand Washing!

  Step 1-Turn on the warm water and let it run.

  步骤1-打开温水,让它流动。

  Turn on the warm water. If you have 2 faucets, turn on the cold first and then the hot until the water is warm.

  打开温水。如果你有两个水龙头,先打开冷水,再打开热水,直到水变成温的。

  Step 2-Wet your hands and soap up.

  步骤2-将手打湿,涂抹肥皂。

  Get your hands wet by quickly running both hands under the warm water.

  快速地将手放到温水下,将手打湿。

  Turn one palm up flat under the soap nozzle and pump out some soap with your other hand. Or wet the bar of soap. Then rub the soap between your palms to make bubbles.

  把一只手掌放在洗手液喷嘴下,用另一只手按压出一些洗手液。或者弄湿肥皂。然后用两个手掌揉搓皂液打出泡沫。

  Rub your palms, the back of your hands, in between your fingers, and under your nails. Quickly dip your hands under the running water to make more bubbles and suds.

  揉搓你的手掌,手背,手指缝隙,以及手指甲内部。把你的手迅速浸入流水中,制造更多的泡沫。

  Step 3-Sing while you wash!

  步骤3-洗的时候记得唱歌!

  Lather up for at least 20 seconds. Sing the “Happy Hand Washing” song twice, the alphabet song, or the version of “If You’re Happy and You Know It” in this guide. The 20 seconds will seem to fly by!

  揉搓手掌至少要20秒。唱两遍“快乐洗手歌”,字母歌,或者“如果感到幸福你就拍拍手”这首歌。那这20秒简直飞逝而过!

  Step 4-Rinse off your hands.

  步骤4-冲洗双手。

  Point your hands down into the sink so that the soap runs from your wrists to your fingertips. Make sure all the soap comes off.

  将你的双手向下放入水槽中,这样肥皂就会从你的手腕流到指尖。要确保所有的泡沫全都被清洗干净。

  Step 5-Dry off your hands.

  步骤5-擦干双手。

  Grab the paper towel and dry your hands. Then use the paper towel to turn off the faucet, and throw the paper away. At home, you can use a cloth towel and use bare hands to turn off the faucet.

  拿起纸巾,把手擦干。然后垫着纸巾把水龙头关掉,并把用完的纸巾扔掉。如果是在家里,你可以使用毛巾擦干双手,赤手去关闭水龙头。